There are a number of state grants aimed at supporting poor families, families of children with special needs, and families who are fostering a child.
In South Africa the following grants are available:
- Child support grant: For children in very poor homes
For children under 14 years with a caregiver over 18 years and a monthly household income under R800 (rural) or R11000 (urban).
- Care dependency grant: For the support of families of children with permanent handicaps
For children aged 2 to 18 years with a severe handicap and an annual family income below R 48 000.
- Foster care grant: To assist foster families of a child in need
For children under 18 years who live with, and are cared for by, a foster family. Requires a court order.
- Social relief grant: An immediate short-term grant for children and families during a crisis situation (e.g. death of the breadwinner)
Usually food parcels or a small financial grant while other grant applications are being processed.
The types of grants and schemes to reduce poverty in South Africa are being rapidly expanded.