The recommended schedule for immunisation lists the age at which specific immunisations should be given. Some immunisations need only be given once while others have to be repeated a number of times.
The schedule for the immunisation of children in South Africa (Table 2.1) is as follows:
- Polio 0 is the dose of polio vaccine at birth
- DPT 1 is the first dose of DPT
- Hepatitis B 2 is second dose of hepatitis B vaccine
- Hib 3 is the third dose of Hib vaccine, etc.
The primary immunisations are given between birth and 9 months. The immunisations given at 18 months and 5 years (polio, measles, diphtheria and tetanus) are often called ‘boosters’ as they help to improve the immune response produced by the initial course of immunisation.
Oral polio 0 (OPV 0)
|At 6 weeks||Oral polio 1 (OPV 1)
DPT 1 (diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus)
Hepatitis B 1
|At 10 weeks||Oral polio 2 (OPV 2)
Hepatitis B 2
|At 14 weeks||Oral polio 3 (OPV 3)
Hepatitis B 3
|At 9 months||Measles 1|
|At 18 months||Oral polio 4 (OPV4)
Measles 2 or MMR (measles, mumps, rubella)
|At 5 years||Oral polio 5 (OPV 5)
DT 5 (diphtheria, tetanus)