What are the signs of carditis?

Carditis is an inflammation of the heart. The heart muscle, valves and pericardium are involved. The signs of carditis are:

  • A heart murmur due to inflammation or damage to one or more heart valves
  • Tachycardia, especially when resting or asleep. Signs of heart failure may develop (e.g. shortness of breath).
  • An enlarged heart seen on chest X-ray
  • A rubbing noise (friction rub) heard on auscultation, which indicates an inflammation of the pericardium (pericarditis)

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