How can tuberculosis be prevented?

  1. By improving the standard of living and preventing overcrowding
  2. By diagnosing and treating adults with pulmonary tuberculosis
  3. By immunising all newborn infants with BCG
  4. By keeping children away from adults with untreated tuberculosis
  5. By screening children who have come into close contact with an adult with pulmonary tuberculosis and giving chemoprophylaxis to all TB exposed children under 5 years of age
  6. By monitoring weight gain (Road-to-Health Card) to identify children with failure to thrive. Preventing malnutrition and giving routine vitamin A helps prevent the progression of TB infection to tuberculosis (TB disease).
  7. By preventing the spread of HIV infection

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