What are important respiratory problems in children with HIV infection?

  • Severe, recurrent or chronic pneumonia caused by bacteria that also cause pneumonia in children who do not have HIV infection, e.g. Streptococcal pneumonia (Pneumococcus) and Haemophilus influenzae B
  • Pneumocystis pneumonia
  • Viral pneumonia and bronchiolitis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Bacterial ear infections (otitis media), bronchitis and sinusitis
  • Lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis (LIP)
  • Chronic lung disease especially bronchiectasis

Pneumocystis pneumonia and lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis are seen very rarely in HIV-negative children.

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