Every effort must be made to help and protect these children. They have the same physical and emotional needs as other children. Whenever possible they should remain in their extended families or within their broader society. The state must provide the financial support to make this possible. Only as a last resort should they be placed in orphanages. It is better if they can be fostered or adopted so that they can be part of a family.
Every effort must be made to care for orphans in their own family and community.
Children who are cared for outside their own family and community soon lose their family ties and sense of identity. This can be severely damaging emotionally.