What are the common causes of iron deficiency in children?

  1. Iron deficiency is usually due to inadequate amounts of iron in the diet. However it is often made worse by chronic bleeding from the gut due to intestinal parasites.
  2. Cow’s milk contains little iron. Fortunately, most formula feeds contain additional iron which has reduced the incidence of iron deficiency in most formula-fed infants.
  3. Immediate clamping of the umbilical cord at birth deprives the newborn infant of much iron, while preterm infants have low iron stores.

Iron deficiency in children is usually due to a poor diet and worms.

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