What are the signs of stage 3 HIV infection?

Stage 3 HIV infection is recognised by:

  • Moderate unexplained weight loss or failure to thrive. These children are usually chronically unwell with a poor appetite. Their weight is 60 to 80% of that expected for their age.
  • Unexplained fever
  • Unexplained persistent diarrhoea for more than 14 days
  • Oral candidiasis (thrush) after the newborn period. The candidiasis is often severe, recurrent and responds poorly to topical treatment.
  • Pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Severe recurrent presumed bacterial pneumonia
  • Herpes zoster or severe herpes simplex infection
  • Symptomatic lymphoid interstitial pneumonia (LIP)
  • Unexplained anaemia, neutropaenia (low white blood cell count) or thrombocytopaenia (low platelet count)
  • Gingivitis (gum infections and bleeding)

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