Parents are a child’s first line of protection and guidance. Therefore, children who lose both parents are vulnerable to exploitation, violence, discrimination, child labour, malnutrition, illness and abuse. Orphaned children without support often end up as prostitutes, servants and sweat shop workers or get involved in organized crime. In some countries they are used as child soldiers.
Being separated from parents by death, war or social breakdown is detrimental to a child’s development and general wellbeing. Many of these children are uneducated, unhealthy and impoverished.
Orphans are at an increased risk of deprivation and abuse.