- Pregnant women and young children should not enter a malaria areas if at all possible.
- Mosquitoes usually bite in the early evening and early morning. Therefore, stay indoors with screens over windows and doors or wear light coloured clothes, long sleeves and trousers with shoes and socks in the evenings and early mornings.
- Use a bed net impregnated with insecticide (pyrethroid) at night.
- Use insect repellent on the skin and clothes or burn repellent coils or pads or sprays at night.
- Antimalarial drug prophylaxis is recommended for short visits to a malaria area.
- By reducing the number of mosquitoes.
Preventing mosquito bites is more effective than prophylaxis. Usually both are needed.
Preventing mosquito bites is the most effective way of avoiding malaria.